Fauna of Colombia

The fauna of Colombia is characterized by a high biodiversity, with the highest rate of species by area unit worldwide.[1]

The pink dolphin of the Amazon River is an endangered species.

. . . Fauna of Colombia . . .

Colombia has the largest number of endemic species (species that are not found naturally anywhere else) worldwide. About 10% of the species in the world live in Colombia.[2] Some determinant factors in the distribution range of the species are the weather conditions, temperature, humidity and sunlight availability.

Endemics can easily become endangered or extinct due to their restricted habitat and vulnerability to the actions of man, including the introduction of new organisms.

According to the Colombian Ministry of Environment, the following ecoregions have the highest percentage of endemic species:

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. . . Fauna of Colombia . . .