Dehra Compass

Dehra Compass or Dehra Kompas (迪拉村) is the location of a historical caravan campsite in Aksai Chin. It is under Chinese control and claimed by India. Historically, the camp was used by caravans journeying between the Indian subcontinent and Tarim Basin. It was traversed by European explorers during the 1800s.[1] At one point, there were stone shelters constructed at this location to facilitate camping.[2]

Dehra Compass

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Elevation 5,450 m (17,881 ft)
Location Aksai Chin
Coordinates

34°55′30″N78°41′30″E

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‘Dehra’ is derived from the Punjabi and Seraiki language word ‘dera’, meaning camp, while ‘Compass’ comes from the name of a survey officer, Kompas Walla.[3]

In the events leading to the Sino-Indian War, Indian patrols used Kompas La and Dehra Compass to monitor the area.[2] Chinese troops gained control of this area after May 1961.[4][5][6]

Map including Dehra Compass

Kompas La or Dehra La (Chinese: 迪拉山口) is the pass through a nearby mountain spur. Historically the pass was to the south reached an elevation of 18,160 feet (5,540 m).[1] Present day, the vehicle accessible gravel road routed to the east, while still one of the highest in the world, only reaches elevation of 5,476 metres (17,966 ft),[7] serving the Chinese border outpost of Heweitan to the west.[citation needed]

Map including Dehra Compas (camping ground) (AMS, 1955)[lower-alpha 1]
Map including Dehra Compas Camping Ground (DIA, 1967)

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