Jubb’adin

Jubb’adin or Ġuppaҁōḏ (Arabic: جبعدين, Aramaic: ܓܦܥܘܕגפעוד)[2] is a village in southern Syria, administratively part of the Rif Dimashq Governorate, located northeast of Damascus in the Qalamoun Mountains. Nearby localities include Saidnaya and Rankous to the southwest, Yabroud and Maaloula to the northeast, and Assal al-Ward to the northwest. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics, Jubb’adin had a population of 3,778 in the 2004 census.[1] However, that number has likely decreased during the Syrian Civil War as a result of combat casualties and emigration of young men out of the village to avoid military drafting. In 2013, the village was bombarded multiple times by the Syrian Armed Forces.

Village in Rif Dimashq, Syria
Jubb’adin
ܓܦܥܘܕגפעוד
جبعدين
Ġuppaҁōḏ
Village

Jubb’adin
Coordinates:

33.826382°N 36.509215°E / 33.826382; 36.509215

Country  Syria
Governorate Rif Dimashq
District al-Qutayfah
Subdistrict Maaloula
Population

 (2004 census)[1]
  Total 3,778
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Area code(s) 11

The village is among the three last remaining villages where Western Neo-Aramaic is still spoken. Most of the younger people in the village are bilingual and speak both Western Neo-Aramaic and Syrian Arabic fluently. The etymology of the village’s name remains controversial. It is believed to be composed of two parts. The first part is Ġuppa (Aramaic: ܓܽܦܐ), which is Aramaic for ‘well’ and second part is ҁōḏ (Aramaic: ܥܘܕ), which has several possible meanings. ҁōḏ (Aramaic: ܥܘܕ) could mean ‘feast’, making the full meaning as ‘the well of the feast’. Another possibility is that it is a reference to Audis who founded Audianism prior to the advent of Islam, in which case the full meaning would be ‘the well of Audius’. Another theory, though less likely, is that the word is a reference to the people of ‘Ad, who are mentioned in the Quran. Today, the village’s inhabitants are predominantly Sunni Muslims. The main mosque in the village is called Jemҁa rāb or ‘The large mosque’ in Aramaic. Historically, most of the inhabitants were farmers but nowadays there is a much larger diversity of occupations. Jubb’adin is main source for modern poetry written in the Western Neo-Aramaic language thanks to its many poets. The environment is colder than most other Syrian cities and villages due to its altitude.[3] Famous individuals from the village include the Syrian actor Jalal Al-Taweel.

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  1. General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Rif Dimashq Governorate. (in Arabic)
  2. AntonSamuel (11 September 2017). “English: Maaloula 7”. Commons.wikimedia.org. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  3. Amar, Joseph (12 October 2012). “The Loss of Syria”. Commonwealmagazine.org. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
Kiswah
Subdistrict
Babbila
Subdistrict
Jaramana
Subdistrict
Malihah
Subdistrict
Kafr Batna
Subdistrict
Arbin
Subdistrict

Douma
Subdistrict
Harasta
Subdistrict
Sabe Biyar
Subdistrict
Dumayr
Subdistrict
Nashabiyeh
Subdistrict
Ghazlaniyeh
Subdistrict
Harran al-Awamid
Subdistrict
Qutayfah
Subdistrict
Jayrud
Subdistrict
Maloula
Subdistrict
Raheiba
Subdistrict
Al-Tall
Subdistrict
Sednaya
Subdistrict
Rankous
Subdistrict
Yabroud
Subdistrict
Assal al-Ward
Subdistrict
An-Nabek
Subdistrict
Deir Atiyeh
Subdistrict
Qara
Subdistrict
Al-Zabadani
Subdistrict
Madaya
Subdistrict
Serghaya
Subdistrict
Qatana
Subdistrict
Beit Jann
Subdistrict
Sa’sa
Subdistrict
Darayya
Subdistrict
Sahnaya
Subdistrict
Hajar al-Aswad
Subdistrict
Qudsaya
Subdistrict
ad-Dimas
Subdistrict
Ein al-Fijeh
Subdistrict

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