Ivan Antonovich Dumbadze (Russian: Иван Антонович Думбадзе; Georgian: ივანე დუმბაძე) (January 19, 1851 – October 1, 1916) was a Major-General of H. I. M. Retinue of Nicholas II, Supreme Head (Russian: главноначальствующий) of Yalta, one of the activists of the Union of Russian People, notorious for his antisemitic and extravagant escapades.
Ivan Dumbadze’s father, Anton Dumbadze, came from a commoner family, however the maiden name of Ivan’s mother, Nakashidze (Georgian: ნაკაშიძე), is possibly of a noble Georgiantavadi origin, from the province of Guria (in the 19th century an ujezd of the Kutaisigovernorate).
All three brothers of Ivan Dumbadze – Joseph, Nicholas and Samson – also became Major-Generals in the Russian army.
Dumbadze was married three times, and had two daughters and five sons. Alexander Ivanovich Dumbadze, a son from his marriage with Gurieli, was a rittmeister of the Crimean Cavalry regiment, and died January 1, 1918 in a firefight with revolutionary sailors at Sevastopol. Another son, Anton Ivanovich Dumbadze (1887–1948), a Russian Air Force captain, emigrated to France.
Dumbadze attended the Kutaisiclassical gymnasium, after which he entered the Junker Infantry School in Tiflis on September 30, 1869. Upon his graduation on December 20, 1872, Dumbadze was assigned to the 18th “Caucasian” Line battalion as a praporshchik (ensign). In 1875 Dumbadze was transferred to the 162nd “Akhaltsikhe” Infantry regiment, where in 1876 he was promoted to podporuchik (second lieutenant). He took part in the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878), after which he was promoted to poruchik (lieutenant).
In 1879 Dumbadze was assigned to the office of the military governor, the commander of the military district of Batumi. There he was put in charge of one of the sotnia detachments in a punitive expedition against rebels in the mountainous regions of Georgia. After promotion in 1880 to the next rank of stabskapitan, Dumbadze was assigned to the Guria infantry regiment, to carry out repressions in the province which, considering the noble Gurian origin of his mother, was the land of his ancestors. There in 1882 Dumbadze personally killed two Georgian rebels and was wounded himself in that skirmish. For this deed Dumbadze was awarded the Order of St. Anna III Class with Swords and Bow. In August 7, 1882, and was promoted to the rank of captain. Continuing operations against rebels in 1886, he received a head wound and contusion. For this, Dumbadze was awarded the Order of St. Anna II Class with Swords. In total, Dumbadze spent nine years in frontline service against Georgian insurgents.
In 1887 Dumbadze was assigned to the 3rd Caucasus Native Druzhina, in which he was also appointed the chairman of the court-martial of that regiment. In February 26, 1894, while at this rear position, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel, and in 1900 to the full colonel. In this period Dumbadze was close to some Georgian nationalist groups.
On May 26, 1903, Colonel Dumbadze assumed the command of the 16th (“Emperor Alexander III”) Infantry Regiment, and remained at this position through October 15, 1907.