Gobindaganj is located at 25.1333°N 89.3917°E. It has 79464 households and total area 481.66 km2.
As of the 2011 Bangladesh census, Gobindaganj has a population of 514591. Males constitute 50.89% of the population, and females 49.11%. This Upazila’s adult population is 205,204. Gobindaganj has an average literacy rate of 97.1% (7+ years), and the national average of 48.4% literate.
Gobindaganj Upazila is divided into Gobindaganj Municipality and 17 union parishads: Kamdia, Katabari, Shakhahar, Razahar, Sapmara, Darbosta, Taluk Kanupur, Nakai, Harirampur, Rakhalbururz, Fulbari, Gumanigonj, Kamardaha, Kocha Shahar, Shibpur, Mahimaganj, Shalmara.
The union parishads are subdivided into 339 mauzas and 375 villages.
Gobindaganj Municipality is subdivided into 9 wards and 22 mahallas.
In terms of total area and number of unions, it is the second largest upazila in Bangladesh. It is called the nucleus of Rangpur Division. It has 13 branches of different banks and 11 colleges as well.