Cui clan of Qinghe

The Cui clan of Qinghe[1][2] (清河崔氏[3]) was an eminent Chinese family of high-ranking government officials and Confucian scholars. The clan’s ancestral home was in Qinghe Commandery (清河郡), which covered parts of present-day Shandong and Hebei provinces.

The first notable member of this clan, according to the New Book of Tang, was Cui Ye (崔業), who held the peerage of Marquis of Donglai (東萊候) during the Han dynasty.[4]

The Cui clans of Boling and Qinghe both traced their ancestry to a common ancestor, Cui Ming, an official who lived in the Spring and Autumn period.[5]Cui Lin, a high-ranking minister of the Cao Wei state in the Three Kingdoms period, was from the Cui family of Qinghe,[6] as was his relative Cui Yan, a notable official who served in the administration of the Imperial ChancellorCao Cao in the late Eastern Han dynasty.[7] A female member of the Cui clan of Qinghe married Liu Kun.[8]

The Liu clan of Zhongshan, Lu clan of Luyang and Cui family of Qinghe formed a network.[9] The Cui clan expanded its power over many official positions during the Northern Wei dynasty through political marriages, and became one of the four clans of northern China at the time.[10]Cui Hao was also from the Cui clan of Qinghe.[11] Cui Hao’s family, a cadet branch of the Cui clan of Qinghe, was exterminated during the Northern Wei dynasty but the other branches of the Cui clan of Qinghe survived.

During the Sui and Tang dynasties, the Cui clan of Qinghe was able to maintain its prosperity by producing a total of 12 statesmen who served as chancellors in the imperial government. Among the 12 chancellors, five were from the southern branch, two were from the elder branch, two were from the junior branch, and the remaining three each came from the Xuzhou Yanling, Qingzhou and Zhengzhou branches. The Cui family lost their political privilege by the end of the Tang dynasty[12] and dissolved into different social classes. Cui Qun was a member of this family.

During the Tang dynasty, the Li clan of Zhao Commandery (趙郡李氏), the Cui clan of Boling, Cui clan of Qinghe, Lu clan of Fanyang, Zheng clan of Xingyang (滎陽鄭氏), Wang clan of Taiyuan (太原王氏), and Li clan of Longxi (隴西李氏) were seven political families who were legally banned from intermarriages between their families.[13][14] The Cui clan of Qinghe intermarried with the Ming family of Ge County.[15] A woman from the Lu family of Fanyang married the son of an official serving under the Northern Qi dynasty. Cui Biao, a member of the Cui family of Qinghe, had his daughter married to a son of Yang Su.[16]

. . . Cui clan of Qinghe . . .

These were the branches of the Cui clan of Qinghe and some of their cadet branches.[17]

  • Eastern ancestry (東祖)
  • Western ancestry (西祖)
  • Southern ancestry (南祖)
    • Wushui branch (烏水房)
  • Elder branch of Qinghe (清河大房)
  • Junior branch of Qinghe (清河小房)
  • Qingzhou branch of Qinghe (清河青州房)
  • Zhengzhou branch (鄭州崔氏)
    • Xuzhou Yanling branch (許州鄢陵房)
  1. Nienhauser, William H (2010). Tang Dynasty Tales: A Guided Reader. World Scientific. pp. 78. ISBN 9789814287289.
  2. Knechtges, David R (2010). Ancient and Early Medieval Chinese Literature (vol.I): A Reference Guide, Part One. BRILL. p. 167. ISBN 9789004191273.
  3. McBride, Richard D. (2008). Domesticating the Dharma: Buddhist Cults and the Hwaŏm Synthesis in Silla Korea. University of Hawaii Press. p. 188. ISBN 978-0-8248-3087-8.
  4. Xin Tang Shu vol. 72.
  5. Milburn, Olivia (21 December 2015). The Spring and Autumn Annals of Master Yan. BRILL. p. 91. ISBN 978-90-04-30966-1.
  6. de Crespigny, Rafe (28 December 2006). A Biographical Dictionary of Later Han to the Three Kingdoms (23-220 AD). BRILL. p. 100. ISBN 978-90-474-1184-0.
  7. Luo, Guanzhong (1994). San Guo Yan Yi. Translated by Roberts, Moss. University of California Press. p. 254. ISBN 978-0-520-22478-0.
  8. Chang, Kang-i Sun; Owen, Stephen (2010). The Cambridge History of Chinese Literature. Cambridge University Press. p. 195. ISBN 978-0-521-85558-7.
  9. Chinese Literature, Essays, Articles, Reviews. Coda Press. 2006. p. 43.
  10. Zhenguan Zhengyao (貞觀政要) vol. 7.
  11. Knechtges, David R.; Chang, Taiping (10 September 2010). Ancient and Early Medieval Chinese Literature (vol. I): A Reference Guide, Part One. BRILL. p. 167. ISBN 978-90-04-19127-3.
  12. Jiu Tang Shu vol. 113.
  13. Tackett, Nicolas Olivier (2006), The Transformation of Medieval Chinese Elites (850-1000 C.E.)(PDF), p. 67, archived from the original(PDF) on 2016-03-04, retrieved 2016-06-18
  14. Nienhauser, William H. (2010). Tang Dynasty Tales: A Guided Reader. World Scientific. p. 78. ISBN 978-981-4287-28-9.
  15. Davis, Timothy M. (16 November 2015). Entombed Epigraphy and Commemorative Culture in Early Medieval China: A Brief History of Early Muzhiming. BRILL. p. 57. ISBN 978-90-04-30642-4.
  16. Ebrey, Patricia (2 September 2003). Women and the Family in Chinese History. Routledge. p. 65. ISBN 978-1-134-44293-5.
  17. The edited list of chancellors in the New Book of Tang by Zhao Chao (1998) (ISBN 7-101-01392-9).

. . . Cui clan of Qinghe . . .

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