Chlorophytum

Chlorophytum (/ˌklɒrəˈftəm, ˌklɔː-, r-/,[3][4] common name spider plant), is a genus of almost 200 species of evergreenperennialflowering plants in the century plant subfamily within the asparagus family.[5] The plants are native to the tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Australia, and Asia.[2][6][7][8]

Genus of plants (spider plants)

Chlorophytum
Chlorophytum comosum ‘Vittatum’ – a variegated cultivar
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Genus: Chlorophytum
Ker Gawl.[1]
Type species
Chlorophytum inornatum

Synonyms[2]
  • HartwegiaNees
  • HolliaHeynh.
  • SchidospermumGriseb. in W.Lechler
  • AsphodelopsisSteud. ex Baker
  • AcrospiraWelw. ex Baker
  • DasystachysBaker 1878, illegitimate homonym, not Oerst. 1859
  • DebesiaKuntze
  • VerdickiaDe Wild.

They grow to 10–60 cm tall, with a rosette of long, slender leaves 15–75 cm long and 0.5–2 cm broad and thick, fleshy tuberous roots. The flowers are small, usually white, produced on sparse panicles up to 120 cm long; in some species the plants also reproduce vegetatively by means of plantlets, tiny plants that take root on touching the ground.[3]

Chlorophytum comosum, the common Spider Plant, a native of South Africa, is a very popular houseplant especially in its variegated form ‘Vittatum’. It is commonly grown in hanging pots suspended by ropes or wires in bright sunlight.[3]

Chlorophytum borivilianum is a native of India and it is used and grown as a medicinal plant.

  • Flower of C. comosum
  • Fleshy tuberous roots of C. comosum

. . . Chlorophytum . . .

The World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognized 191 species as of January 2013[update]:[2]

  • Chlorophytum acutum(C.H.Wright) Nordal
  • Chlorophytum affineBaker
    • Chlorophytum affine var. affine
    • Chlorophytum affine var. curviscapum(Poelln.) Hanid
  • Chlorophytum africanum(Baker) Baker
  • Chlorophytum alismifoliumBaker
  • Chlorophytum alpinumBenth. ex Baker
  • Chlorophytum altumEngl. & K.Krause
  • Chlorophytum amplexicauleBaker
  • Chlorophytum anceps(Baker) Kativu
  • Chlorophytum andongenseBaker
  • Chlorophytum angulicaule(Baker) Kativu
  • Chlorophytum angustiracemosumPoelln.
  • Chlorophytum angustissimum(Poelln.) Nordal
  • Chlorophytum ankarenseH.Perrier
  • Chlorophytum appendiculatumH.Perrier
  • Chlorophytum applanatumNordal & Thulin
  • Chlorophytum arcuatoramosumR.B.Drumm.
  • Chlorophytum aridumOberm.
  • Chlorophytum arundinaceumBaker
  • Chlorophytum aureumEngl.
  • Chlorophytum basitrichumPoelln.
  • Chlorophytum baturenseK.Krause
  • Chlorophytum benuenseEngl. & K.Krause
  • Chlorophytum bharuchaeAnsari, Sundararagh. & Hemadri
  • Chlorophytum bifoliumDammer
  • Chlorophytum blepharophyllumSchweinf. ex Baker
    • Chlorophytum blepharophyllum subsp. blepharophyllum
    • Chlorophytum blepharophyllum subsp. pendulumHoell & Nordal
    • Chlorophytum blepharophyllum subsp. rubropygmaeumBjorå & Nordal
  • Chlorophytum borivilianumSantapau & R.R.Fern.
  • Chlorophytum bowkeriBaker
  • Chlorophytum brachystachyumBaker
  • Chlorophytum bracteatumHua
  • Chlorophytum brevipedunculatumPoelln.
  • Chlorophytum breviscapumDalzell
  • Chlorophytum bulbinifoliumHoell & Nordal
  • Chlorophytum burundienseMeerts
  • Chlorophytum calyptrocarpum(Baker) Kativu
  • Chlorophytum cameronii(Baker) Kativu
    • Chlorophytum cameronii var. cameronii
    • Chlorophytum cameronii var. grantii(Baker) Nordal
    • Chlorophytum cameronii var. purpuratum(Rendle) Govaerts
  • Chlorophytum camporumEngl. & K.Krause
  • Chlorophytum capense(L.) Voss
  • Chlorophytum caudatibracteatumEngl. & K.Krause
  • Chlorophytum caulescens(Baker) Marais & Reilly
  • Chlorophytum chelindaenseKativu & Nordal
  • Chlorophytum chevalieriPoelln.
  • Chlorophytum chinenseBureau & Franch.
  • Chlorophytum chloranthumBaker
  • Chlorophytum claraeBjorå & Nordal
  • Chlorophytum collinum(Poelln.) Nordal
  • Chlorophytum colubrinum(Baker) Engl.
  • Chlorophytum comosum(Thunb.) Jacques
  • Chlorophytum cooperi(Baker) Nordal
  • Chlorophytum cordifoliumDe Wild.
  • Chlorophytum crassinerve(Baker) Oberm.
  • Chlorophytum crispum(Thunb.) Baker
  • Chlorophytum cyperaceum(Kies) Nordal
  • Chlorophytum dalzielii(Hutch. ex Hepper) Nordal
  • Chlorophytum debileBaker
  • Chlorophytum decaryanumH.Perrier
  • Chlorophytum decipiensBaker
  • Chlorophytum densiflorumEngl.
  • Chlorophytum dianellifolium(Baker) H.Perrier
  • Chlorophytum distichumH.Perrier
  • Chlorophytum dolichocarpumTamura
  • Chlorophytum ducis-aprutiiChiov.
  • Chlorophytum fasciculatum(Baker) Kativu
  • Chlorophytum filifoliumNordal & Thulin
  • Chlorophytum filipendulumBaker
    • Chlorophytum filipendulum subsp. filipendulum
    • Chlorophytum filipendulum subsp. amaniense(Engl.) Nordal & A.D.Poulsen
  • Chlorophytum fischeri(Baker) Baker
  • Chlorophytum gallabatenseSchweinf. ex Baker
  • Chlorophytum galpinii(Baker) Kativu
    • Chlorophytum galpinii var. galpinii
    • Chlorophytum galpinii var. matabelense(Baker) Kativu
    • Chlorophytum galpinii var. norlindhii(Weim.) Kativu
  • Chlorophytum geayanum(H.Perrier) Marais & Reilly
  • Chlorophytum geophilumPeter ex Poelln.
  • Chlorophytum glaucoidesBlatt.
  • Chlorophytum glaucumDalzell
  • Chlorophytum goetzeiEngl.
  • Chlorophytum gothanenseMalpure & S.R.Yadav
  • Chlorophytum gracileBaker
  • Chlorophytum graminifolium(Willd.) Kunth
  • Chlorophytum graniticolaKativu
  • Chlorophytum graniticumH.Perrier
  • Chlorophytum graptophyllum(Baker) Marais & Reilly
  • Chlorophytum haygarthiiJ.M.Wood & M.S.Evans
  • Chlorophytum herrmanniiNordal & Sebsebe
  • Chlorophytum heyneiBaker
  • Chlorophytum hiranenseNordal & Thulin
  • Chlorophytum hirsutumA.D.Poulsen & Nordal
  • Chlorophytum holstiiEngl.
  • Chlorophytum humbertianumH.Perrier
  • Chlorophytum humifusumCufod.
  • Chlorophytum hypoxiforme(H.Perrier) Marais & Reilly
  • Chlorophytum hysteranthumKativu
  • Chlorophytum immaculatum(Hepper) Nordal
  • Chlorophytum inconspicuum(Baker) Nordal
  • Chlorophytum indicum(Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.f.) Dress
  • Chlorophytum inornatumKer Gawl.
  • Chlorophytum intermediumCraib
  • Chlorophytum kolhapurenseSardesai, S.P.Gaikwad & S.R.Yadav
  • Chlorophytum krauseanum(Dinter) Kativu
  • Chlorophytum krookianumZahlbr.
  • Chlorophytum lancifoliumWelw. ex Baker
    • Chlorophytum lancifolium subsp. lancifolium
    • Chlorophytum lancifolium subsp. cordatum(Engl.) A.D.Poulsen & Nordal
    • Chlorophytum lancifolium subsp. togoense(Engl.) A.D.Poulsen & Nordal
  • Chlorophytum latifoliumEngl. & K.Krause
  • Chlorophytum laxumR.Br.
  • Chlorophytum leptoneurum(C.H.Wright) Poelln.
  • Chlorophytum lewisaeOberm.
  • Chlorophytum limosum(Baker) Nordal
  • Chlorophytum littoraleNordal & Thulin
  • Chlorophytum longifoliumSchweinf. ex Baker
  • Chlorophytum longiscapumDammer
  • Chlorophytum longissimumRidl.
  • Chlorophytum macrophyllum(A.Rich.) Asch.
  • Chlorophytum macrorrhizumPoelln.
  • Chlorophytum macrosporumBaker
  • Chlorophytum madagascarienseBaker
  • Chlorophytum malabaricumBaker
  • Chlorophytum malayenseRidl.
  • Chlorophytum micranthumBaker
  • Chlorophytum minorKativu
  • Chlorophytum modestumBaker
  • Chlorophytum monophyllumOberm.
  • Chlorophytum namaquenseSchltr. ex Poelln.
  • Chlorophytum namorokenseH.Perrier
  • Chlorophytum nepalense(Lindl.) Baker
  • Chlorophytum nervatum(C.H.Wright) Poelln.
  • Chlorophytum nervosumNordal & Thulin
  • Chlorophytum nidulans(Baker) Brenan
  • Chlorophytum nimmoniiDalzell
  • Chlorophytum nubicum(Baker) Kativu
  • Chlorophytum nyasae(Rendle) Kativu
  • Chlorophytum nziiA.Chev. ex Hepper
  • Chlorophytum occultumA.D.Poulsen & Nordal
  • Chlorophytum orchidastrumLindl.
  • Chlorophytum parkeri(Baker) Marais & Reilly
  • Chlorophytum parvulumChiov.
  • Chlorophytum paucinervatum(Poelln.) Nordal
  • Chlorophytum pauciphyllumOberm.
  • Chlorophytum pauperPoelln.
  • Chlorophytum pendulumNordal & Thulin
  • Chlorophytum peralbumPoelln.
  • Chlorophytum perfoliatumKativu
  • Chlorophytum petraeumNordal & Thulin
  • Chlorophytum petrophilumK.Krause
  • Chlorophytum pilosissimumEngl. & K.Krause
  • Chlorophytum polystachysBaker
  • Chlorophytum pseudocauleTesfaye & Nordal
  • Chlorophytum pterocarpumNordal & Thulin
  • Chlorophytum puberulumEngl.
  • Chlorophytum pubiflorumBaker
  • Chlorophytum pusillumSchweinf. ex Baker
  • Chlorophytum pygmaeum(Weim.) Kativu
    • Chlorophytum pygmaeum subsp. pygmaeum
    • Chlorophytum pygmaeum subsp. rhodesianum(Rendle) Kativu
  • Chlorophytum radula(Baker) Nordal
  • Chlorophytum ramosissimumNordal & Thulin
  • Chlorophytum rangei(Engl. & K.Krause) Nordal
  • Chlorophytum recurvifolium(Baker) C.Archer & Kativu
  • Chlorophytum reflexibracteatumPoelln.
  • Chlorophytum rhizopendulumBjorå & Hemp
  • Chlorophytum rigidumKunth
  • Chlorophytum ruahenseEngl.
  • Chlorophytum rubribracteatum(De Wild.) Kativu
  • Chlorophytum rutenbergianumVatke
  • Chlorophytum saundersiae(Baker) Nordal
  • Chlorophytum scabrumBaker
  • Chlorophytum senegalense(Baker) Hepper
  • Chlorophytum serpensSebsebe & Nordal
  • Chlorophytum silvaticumDammer
  • Chlorophytum simplexCraib
  • Chlorophytum sofiense(H.Perrier) Marais & Reilly
  • Chlorophytum somalienseBaker
  • Chlorophytum sparsiflorumBaker
    • Chlorophytum sparsiflorum var. sparsiflorum
    • Chlorophytum sparsiflorum var. bipindense(Engl. & K.Krause) Bjorå & Nordal
  • Chlorophytum sphacelatum(Baker) Kativu
  • Chlorophytum staudtiiNordal
  • Chlorophytum stenopetalumBaker
  • Chlorophytum stolzii(K.Krause) Weim.
  • Chlorophytum subligulatumH.Perrier
  • Chlorophytum subpetiolatum(Baker) Kativu
  • Chlorophytum suffruticosumBaker
  • Chlorophytum superpositum(Baker) Marais & Reilly
  • Chlorophytum sylvestreBardot-Vaucoulon
  • Chlorophytum tenerrimumPeter ex Poelln.
  • Chlorophytum tetraphyllum(L.f.) Baker
  • Chlorophytum transvaalense(Baker) Kativu
  • Chlorophytum trichophlebium(Baker) Nordal
  • Chlorophytum triflorum(Aiton) Kunth
  • Chlorophytum tripedale(Baker) H.Perrier
  • Chlorophytum tuberosum(Roxb.) Baker
  • Chlorophytum unyikenseEngl.
  • Chlorophytum velutinumKativu
  • Chlorophytum vestitumBaker
  • Chlorophytum viridescensEngl.
  • Chlorophytum viscosumKunth
  • Chlorophytum waibeliiK.Krause
  • Chlorophytum warneckei(Engl.) Marais & Reilly
  • Chlorophytum zambienseBjorå & Nordal
  • Chlorophytum zavattarii(Cufod.) Nordal
  • Chlorophytum zingiberastrumNordal & A.D.Poulsen

. . . Chlorophytum . . .

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. . . Chlorophytum . . .