Pécs (PEH-ch) is a town in the south-west of Hungary. Pécs is the administrative and economical centre of Baranya County The city has Mediterranean atmosphere and a treasure-house of science, arts and sacrality. It had famous and glorious periods. Here are several values of the Roman times, the Middle Ages, the Turkish occupation and the development of the middle-class are built on one another or next to one another such as Gothic, Renaissance, baroque dwelling houses, Christian churches and Islamic houses of prayer, djamis and minarets, baths and public buildings.
- Not to be confused with Peć.
Located on the slopes of the Mecsek mountains. The heritage of the past goes back to the neolithic age. The territory always provided good essential conditions for the different ethnic groups who settled down here, which is proven by the arcaheological findings excavated here. Founded as Sopianae 2000 years ago by the Romans (most relics date back to the this period) and known as Fünfkirchen by the Germans.
After the period of migration, St. Stephen founded an episcopate in Pécs around 1009.
Pope Urban signed the foundation document of the university during the reign of Lewis the Great, in 1367, – consequently the town of Pécs became the seat of the first university of Hungary.
Today’s Pécs is a pleasant small (but still one of the largest in Hungary) university town that has largely escaped the ravages of both communist-era architecture and modern-day mass tourism. In 2000, the Early Christian Necropolis of Pécs was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. It is one of the European Capitals of Culture in 2010.
- 1 Railway Station (MÁV), Szabadság út 39. (South of the Old Town, ten min by walk), ☎+36 40 494949, +36 72 215611, e-mail: email@example.com. M-Th 07:30-14:00, F 07:30-13:00. There are frequent trains to Pécs from Budapest‘s Déli or Keleti station – see Hungarian Railway Timetable. The trip can be as fast as 2hr 40min on an express, but several hours longer by local clunker.