Durg is a major city in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh.
The Durg district was formed on Jan. 1, 1906. The district is populous and is in the south-west of the Chhattisgarh plain, with hills to the south, south-west and north-west, bestowed with mineral resources and forests.
The National Highway No. 6 (Mumbai – Sambalpur – Calcutta) is the major highway of the district and the train route is the main line of the South Eastern Railway midway between Mumbai-Calcutta.
Nearest airport from the District Headquarter Durg is at Mana (Raipur) about 50 Km’s. The District occupies the southwestern part of the Upper Sheonath-Mahanadi valley and the bordering hills in the south and southwest.
Physiographically, the District can be divided into two divisions, viz. the Chhattisgarh plain and the Southern plateau. The Chhattisgarh plain occupies the largest area in the District.
The general slope of the district comes under Mahanadi river slope and is towards the north and north-east and locally in some places towards east.
The main rivers of Mahanadi are Sheonath, Kharun, Tandula, Kharkhara and Aamner. Sheonath is the main river of the district which originates from Panabaras Hill (625 M) and flows towards north-east. This river is the main tributary of Mahanadi River. The total length of the Sheonath river is 345 KM. The length of Sheonath river in Durg district is 120 KM.
The main tributary of Sheonath river is Tandula river. This river originates from hills situated in the north of Bhanupratappur (District- Kanker). After covering a distance of 34 KM this river joins Sukhanala. This river joins Sheonath river in the south-west of Durg in a distance of approximately 13 KM. The total length of this river is 96.6 KM. A dam is constructed during the period 1905 to 1921 at the joining point of Sukhanala and Tandula river.
Kharun river originates from Petechua in the south-east of the district and after flowing 80 KM joins Sheonath river near Somnath in the north. Sheonath river flows nearer to the western border of the district whereas river Kharun forms the eastern border of the district. The length of Kharun river is 120 KM. The area around Kharun river is very fertile.
Kharkhara river originates from hills situated in Dalli Rajahara in the south-west of the District. This river joins Sheonath river after covering a distance of 90 KM towards north-east. To fulfil the water requirement of Bhilai Steel Plant and Industry, in 1965-66, Kharkhara Dam was constructed. This is situated at Village Petechua at Balod Tehsil.
Durg generally has a dry tropical weather which is moderate but on a warmer side in summer season. The peak temperatures are usually reached in May/June and can be as high as 45C. The onset of monsoon is usually from July and the season extends up to September, with monsoon peaking during July and August. Maximum, Average & Minimum Rain fall Of District Durg are 1477.2 mm, 1071.16 mm and 781.5 mm per year respectively.
Mana (Raipur) Airport is 40 km from Durg.