The ‘madinat’ portion translates to ‘city’ in English. ‘Kaaban’ refers to the Al-Kaabi tribe, who founded the village.
Madinat Al Kaaban has historically been inhabited by the Al-Kaabi tribe. To the north-east of the village is Waab Al Mashrab, a now-abandoned village. Waab Al Mashrab was likely built around the 1950s and was also mainly inhabited by the Al-Kaabi tribe, but the village was abandoned in 1976 amidst the government’s efforts to resettle rural Qataris to urban areas. Some of its inhabitants moved to Madinat Al Kaaban. Now in ruins, Waab Al Mashrab has approximately 50 houses, a mosque, a school and several farms.
After Qatar started to receive substantial profits from its oil extraction activities in the 1960s and 1970s, the government launched several housing projects for its citizens. As part of this initiative, 50 houses were built in Madinat Al Kaaban by 1976.
Madinat Al Kaaban has a youth center which was officially inaugurated in November 2008. Nearby communities are also served by the center. Activities that take place at the center include charity festivals, children’s festivals, girls’ art workshops, and religious lectures.
The following school is located in Madinat Al Kaaban:
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- Qatar Year Book: 1976. Doha: Press and Publications Department, Ministry of Information. 1976. p. 64.
- “Youth Centers in Qatar”. Ministry of Culture and Sports (Qatar). Retrieved 29 June 2018.
- “Qatari Schools”. Supreme Education Council. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 18 July 2015.