Putong Temple

Putong Temple (Chinese: 普通寺; pinyin: Pǔtōng Sì) is a Buddhist temple located on Mount Yangqi in Shangli County, Jiangxi, China.[1] It is the cradle of the Yangqi sect of Linji school, one of five schools of Chan Buddhism.[2]

Putong Temple
普通寺
Religion
Affiliation Buddhism
Deity Linji schoolYangqi sect
Leadership Shi Yongxin
Location
Location Mount Yangqi, Shangli County, Jiangxi
Country China
Geographic coordinates

27°50′12″N113°53′48″E

Architecture
Style Chinese architecture
Founder Chengguang (乘广)
Date established 753
Completed 1980s (reconstruction)
Website
www.yangqiputongsi.com

. . . Putong Temple . . .

The temple was built as “Guangli Chan Temple” (广利禅寺) by a renowned Chan master Chengguang (乘广) in 753, during the reign of Emperor Xuanzong in the Tang dynasty (618907). It was enlarged by Chan master Zhenshu (甄叔) in the Dali era between 766 and 779.[1]

During the ruling of Emperor Renzong (10231063) in the Song dynasty (9601279), Yangqi Fanghui (杨岐方会), the Eighth Patriarch of Linji school and the founder of Yangqi sect, was invited to be the new abbot. He renamed the temple “Putong Temple”, which has been used to date.

In 1374, at the dawn of Ming dynasty (13681644), monk Siguan (嗣观) restored the temple.

In 1736, in the 1st year of Qianlong period in the Qing dynasty (16441911), monks of Putong Temple raised funds to renovated and refurbished the temple.

In 1826, five years after the coronation of Daoguang Emperor, heavy rainfall in the mountain caused a catastrophic flood, Putong Temple was struck by it. In 1844, the reconstruction project of the temple was launched. The reconstruction took 7 years, and lasted from 1844 to 1850.

On July 1, 1957, the Jiangxi Provincial Government inscribed the temple as a provincial level cultural heritage.

In 1966, Mao Zedong launched the ten-year Cultural Revolution, the Red Guards attacked the temple and the government forced monks to return to secular life.

After the 3rd Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, according to the national policy of free religious belief, Putong Temple was reopened for worship on.

In February 2010, Huitong (慧通) was proposed as the new abbot of Putong Temple.[3] Two years later, Shi Yongxin, the abbot of Shaolin Monastery, was unanimously chosen as Huitong’s successor.[4]

In June 2013, the Stupa of Chengguang and the Stupa of Zhenshu were listed among the seventh group of “Major National Historical and Cultural Sites in Jiangxi” by the State Council of China.

Putong Temple occupies a building area of 1,200-square-metre (13,000 sq ft) and the total area including temple lands, forests and mountains is over 7,600-square-metre (82,000 sq ft). The existing main buildings of Putong Temple include the Shanmen, Four Heavenly Kings Hall, Mahavira Hall, Hall of Maitreya, Hall of Guanyin, Hall of Guru, Buddhist Texts Library, Stupa of Chengguang, and Stupa of Zhenshu.[5]

. . . Putong Temple . . .

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. . . Putong Temple . . .