Marian Zyndram-Kościałkowski

Marian Zyndram-Kościałkowski (Polish pronunciation: [ˈmarjan ˈzɨndram kɔɕt͡ɕawˈkɔfskʲi]; 16 March 1892, Pandėlys, Kovno Governorate – 12 April 1946 Brookwood, Surrey) was a Polish politician, freemason and military officer who served as voivode of Białystok Voivodeship in 1930-1934, Mayor of Warsaw in 1934 and 27th Prime Minister of Poland from 1935 to 1936.

This article does not cite any sources. (May 2008)
Marian Zyndram-Kościałkowski
27th Prime Minister of Poland
26th Prime Minister of the Second Republic of Poland
In office
13 October 1935  15 May 1936
President Ignacy Mościcki
Preceded by Walery Sławek
Succeeded by Felicjan Sławoj Składkowski
Minister of Interior
In office
28 June 1934  12 October 1935
Preceded by Leon Kozłowski
Succeeded by Władysław Raczkiewicz
28th Mayor of Warsaw
In office
2 March 1934  28 June 1934
Preceded by Zygmunt Słomiński
Succeeded by Stefan Starzyński
Personal details
Born (1892-03-16)16 March 1892
Pandėlys, Kovno Governorate, Russian Empire
Died 12 April 1946(1946-04-12) (aged 54)
Brookwood, United Kingdom
Nationality Polish
Political party Polish People’s Party “Wyzwolenie”
Occupation Politician, soldier

. . . Marian Zyndram-Kościałkowski . . .

Marian Zyndram-Kościałkowski was born in his family’s real estate of Pandėlys, located in the Novoalexandrovsky Uyezd of the Kovno Governorate of the Russian Empire (today Lithuania), to Karol and Maria Budrewicz. He came from a noble background that used the Syrokomla coat of arms. In 1903, Marian went to Saint Petersburg where he attended middle and high school. After graduation in 1910, he began studying at the local Neurological Institute. Also, he studied agriculture at Riga Technical University.

In 1911, Zyndram-Kościałkowski became a member of the Union of Active Struggle (ZWC), Polish independence organization. Together with Walery Sławek, he was a co-founder of structures of the ZWC in northwestern corner of the Russian Empire. In 1912, he was named commandant of the ZWC in the Baltic provinces of Russia, and in the summer of 1914, after the outbreak of World War I, he planned to join Polish Legions in World War I, but was ordered to stay in Warsaw. In 1915, he joined Polish Military Organisation (POW), using nom de guerre Jerzy Orwid. On February 7, 1915, Józef Piłsudski promoted him to Podporucznik (Second Lieutenant). In the same year, he married fellow member of the POW, Anna Krysińska. In 1918, their son Witold was born, with Piłsudski as the godfather.

. . . Marian Zyndram-Kościałkowski . . .

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. . . Marian Zyndram-Kościałkowski . . .