Kathlamet language

Kathlamet was a Chinookan language that was spoken around the border of Washington and Oregon by the Kathlamet people. The most extensive records of the language were made by Franz Boas, and a grammar was documented in the dissertation of Dell Hymes.[2] It became extinct in the 1930s and there is little text left of it.

Extinct Native American language formerly spoken in Oregon and Washington
This article has an unclear citation style. (March 2016)
Kathlamet
Middle Chinook
Native to United States
Region Washington, Oregon
Extinct 1930s, with the death of Charles Cultee[1]
Chinookan

  • Kathlamet
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Glottolog kath1253

Kathlamet was spoken in northwestern Oregon along the south bank of the lower Columbia River. It has been classified as a dialect of Upper Chinook, or as Lower Chinook, but was mutually intelligible with neither.

. . . Kathlamet language . . .

All of the Chinookan languages feature what Mithun (1999) describes as “rich consonant inventor(y) typical of [languages native to] the Northwest coast” and “elaborate phonological processes”.

Bilabial Alveolar Post-
alveolar
Velar Uvular Glottal
plain sibilant lateral
Nasal m n
Plosive/
Affricate
plain p t ts t͡ʃ k q
ejective tsʼ tɬʼ tʃʼ
Fricative s ɬ ʃ x χ h

Boas (1911b) reports that Kathlamet consonant clusters are defined by their position to the word initial, medial and final and the phonemic syllable initial and final. In sequences of consonant where a continuant occurs as nucleus, consonants following the nucleus are taken to appear the separate clusters, the nucleus in none.

. . . Kathlamet language . . .

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. . . Kathlamet language . . .