1080 Orchis

article - 1080 Orchis

1080 Orchis, provisional designation 1927 QB, is an dark background asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt. It was discovered on 30 August 1927, by German astronomer Karl Reinmuth at the Heidelberg Observatory in southwest Germany.[18] The carbonaceous F-type asteroid has a rotation period of 16.1 hours and measures approximately 22 kilometers (14 miles) in diameter. It was named after the flowering plant Orchis.[3]

1080 Orchis

Modelled shape of Orchis from its lightcurve
Discovery[1]
Discovered by K. Reinmuth
Discovery site Heidelberg Obs.
Discovery date 30 August 1927
Designations
(1080) Orchis
Pronunciation /ˈɔːrkɪs/[2]
Named after
Orchis(flowering plant)[3]
1927 QB · 1955 DT
A906 BH
main-belt · (inner)[4]
background[5]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 111.76 yr (40,821 days)
Aphelion 3.0452 AU
Perihelion 1.7924 AU
2.4188 AU
Eccentricity 0.2590
3.76 yr (1,374 days)
278.54°
0° 15m 43.2s / day
Inclination 4.5873°
2.0437°
57.028°
Physical characteristics
Mean diameter
20.755±8.470 km[6]
21.797±0.130 km[7]
21.86±0.26 km[8]
22.918±0.241 km[9]
23.28±1.7 km[4][10]
23.53±6.59 km[11]
24.62±6.75 km[12]
16.061±0.004h[13]
16.0657±0.0005 h[14]
16.075±0.0207 h[15]
16.1±0.1 h[16]
  • (255.0°, 27.0°) (λ11)[17]
  • (71.0°, 28.0°) (λ22)[17]
0.029±0.002[7]
0.03±0.02[11]
0.031±0.032[12]
0.0331±0.0028[9]
0.0430±0.007[4][10]
0.0508±0.0499[6]
0.051±0.001[8]
Tholen = F[1][4]
B–V = 0.624[1]
U–B = 0.206[1]
12.133±0.002(R)[15] · 12.20[1][4][8][9][10][11] · 12.32[6] · 12.43[12]

    . . . 1080 Orchis . . .

    Orchis is a non-family asteroid of the main belt’s background population.[5] It orbits the Sun in the inner asteroid belt at a distance of 1.8–3.0 AU once every 3 years and 9 months (1,374 days; semi-major axis of 2.42 AU). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.26 and an inclination of 5° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] The asteroid was first observed as A906 BH at Heidelberg in January 1906. The body’s observation arc begins with its official discovery observation in August 1927.[18]

    This minor planet was named after the flowering plant Orchis, a genus in the orchid family. The official naming citation was mentioned in The Names of the Minor Planets by Paul Herget in 1955 (H 102).[3]

    Due to his many discoveries, Karl Reinmuth submitted a large list of 66 newly named asteroids in the early 1930s. The list covered his discoveries with numbers between (1009) and (1200). This list also contained a sequence of 28 asteroids, starting with 1054 Forsytia, that were all named after plants, in particular flowering plants(also see list of minor planets named after animals and plants).[19]

    . . . 1080 Orchis . . .

    This article is issued from web site Wikipedia. The original article may be a bit shortened or modified. Some links may have been modified. The text is licensed under “Creative Commons – Attribution – Sharealike” [1] and some of the text can also be licensed under the terms of the “GNU Free Documentation License” [2]. Additional terms may apply for the media files. By using this site, you agree to our Legal pages . Web links: [1] [2]

    . . . 1080 Orchis . . .