Grevillea repens

Grevillea repens, the creeping grevillea, is a prostrate woody shrub endemic to Victoria, Australia.[2] It is a member of the ‘southern holly-leaf grevilleas’ and closely related to Grevillea obtecta.[3]

Species of shrub in the family Proteaceae endemic to Victoria, Australia

Creeping grevillea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Proteales
Family: Proteaceae
Genus: Grevillea
Species:
G. repens
Binomial name
Grevillea repens

The species grows up to 3 metres in diameter[2] and produces flowers arranged in ‘toothbrush’ conflorescences mainly from mid-spring to mid-summer (October to January in its native range). The flowers have perianths which are usually light green or grey and styles that are most frequently dark red but have variants that include deep maroon, dull pink, salmon and green. The styles are tipped with a green pollen-presenter onto which pollen is deposited from the anthers when the flower is in late bud stage.[2][4] This outcrossing species is likely adapted to pollination by birds (primarily honeyeaters; Meliphagidae) which forage for nectar, although insects including feral honey bees Apis mellifera are frequent floral visitors.[4]

Grevillea repens is found in montane eucalypt forests in two main areas in central Victoria: an eastern region centred in the Kinglake area, and a western region in the Daylesford area.[2] A third group of populations is found southeast of Daylesford in the Lerderderg Gorge area.[5] Plants from the eastern region (the Mt Slide form) can reproduce both sexually by seed and clonally by ‘root-suckering’ and tend to display lower fertility than plants from the western (the Daylesford form) and Lerderderg populations which regenerate by seed or by re-shooting from lignotubers after disturbance events such as fire.[4] Some clonally reproducing plants in the eastern region have been found to be triploid (three sets of chromosomes) compared to the usual diploid state for this species (2n=20).[5] The Lerderderg Gorge populations show a closer genetic and morphological affinity to plants from the Daylesford area than those from the Kinglake area.[3][5] Western populations display the greatest range of floral colour variants (with green to dark red styles) while those in eastern populations range from dark red to deep burgundy. Nearly all plants in the Lerderderg Gorge area have a green floral colour morph (see https://natureshare.org.au/observations?species=Grevillea+repens).

The species was first formally described by botanist Ferdinand von Mueller in 1854, his description published in Linnaea.[1] It is listed as “Rare in Victoria” on the Department of Sustainability and Environment‘s Advisory List of Rare Or Threatened Plants In Victoria.[6]

. . . Grevillea repens . . .

  1. Grevillea repens. Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government.
  2. Grevillea repens. Flora of Australia Online. Department of the Environment and Heritage, Australian Government.
  3. Holmes, Gareth; Downing, Trisha; James, Elizabeth; Blacket, Mark; Hoffmann, Ary; Bayly, Michael (2014). “Phylogeny of the holly grevilleas (Proteaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal and chloroplast DNA”. Australian Systematic Botany. 27 (1): 56–77. doi:10.1071/SB13045.
  4. Holmes, Gareth; James, Elizabeth; Hoffmann, Ary (2008). “Limitations to reproductive output and genetic rescue in populations of the rare shrub Grevillea repens (Proteaceae)”. Annals of Botany. 102 (6): 1031–1041. doi:10.1093/aob/mcn195. PMC 2712411. PMID 18922849.
  5. Holmes, Gareth; James, Elizabeth (2009). “Divergent levels of genetic variation and ploidy among populations of the rare shrub, Grevillea repens (Proteaceae)”. Conservation Genetics. 10 (4): 827–837. doi:10.1007/s10592-008-9643-9. S2CID 24207252.
  6. “Advisory List of Rare Or Threatened Plants In Victoria – 2005”(PDF). Department of Sustainability and Environment (Victoria). Archived from the original(PDF) on 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2011-01-15.
Family: Proteaceae
Genus: Bellendena
Genus: Toronia
Genus: Garnieria
Genus: Acidonia
Genus: Persoonia
Rufiflora
Laurina
Longifolia
Arborea
Gunnii
Lanceolata
Lanceolata
Dillwynioides
Graminea
Chapmaniana
Quinquenervis
Teretifolia
Genus: Agastachys
Genus: Eidothea
Genus: Beauprea
Genus: Dilobeia
Genus: Stirlingia
Genus: Synaphea
Genus: Petrophile
  • P. obtusifida
Genus: Aulax
  • A. cancellata
  • A. pallasia
  • A. umbellara
Genus: Protea
P. sect. Craterifolia
penduline proteas
P. sect. Crinitae
eastern ground proteas
P. sect. Cristatae
moorland proteas
P. sect. Exsertae
white proteas
P. sect. Hypocephalae
rodent proteas
P. sect. Lasiocephalae
savanna proteas
P. sect. Leiocephalea
grassveld proteas
P. sect. Ligulatae
spoon-bract proteas
P. sect. Melliferae
sugerbushes
P. sect. Microgeantae
western ground proteas
P. sect. Obvallatae
bishop protea
P. sect. Paludosae
rooi protea
P. sect. Paracynaroides
sneeu protea
P. sect. Parviflorae
shale proteas
P. sect. Patentiflorae
mountain protea
P. sect. Pinifolia
rose proteas
P. sect. Protea
king protea
P. sect. Speciosae
bearded sugerbushes
P. sect. Subacaules
dwarf-tufted proteas
Genus: Faurea
  • F. arborea
  • F. argentea
  • F. coriacea
  • F. delevoyi
  • F. discolor
  • F. forficuliflora
  • F. galpinii
  • F. intermedia
  • F. lucida
  • F. macnaughtonii
  • F. racemosa
  • F. rochetiana
  • F. rubriflora
  • F. saligna
  • F. wentzeliana
Genus: Isopogon
Genus: Adenanthos
A. sect. Eurylaema
A. sect. Adenanthos
  • L. barkerae
  • L. bonum
  • L. brunioides
  • L. burchellii
  • L. daphnoides
  • L. diemontianum
  • L. discolor
  • L. dregei
  • L. dubium
  • L. galpini
  • L. gandogeri
  • L. glaberrimum
  • L. globosum
  • L. grandiflorum
  • L. gydoense
  • L. immoderatum
  • L. lanigerum
  • L. laureolum
  • L. laxum
  • L. levisanus
  • L. linifolium
  • L. loeriense
  • L. loranthifolium
  • L. macowanii
  • L. meridianum
  • L. meyerianum
  • L. microcephalum
  • L. modestum
  • L. muirii
  • L. olens
  • L. orientale
  • L. osbornei
  • L. platyspermum
  • L. pondoense
  • L. procerum
  • L. pubescens
  • L. pubibracteolatum
  • L. radiatum
  • L. remotum
  • L. roodii
  • L. rourkei
  • L. rubrum
  • L. salicifolium
  • L. salignum
  • L. sericeam
  • L. sessile
  • L. sheilae
  • L. singulare
  • L. sorocephalodes
  • L. spirale
  • L. spissifolium
  • L. stellare
  • L. stelligerum
  • L. strobilinum
  • L. teretifolium
  • L. thymifolium
  • L. tinctum
  • L. tradouwense
  • L. uliginosum
  • L. verticillatum
Genus: Serruria
  • S. acrocarpa
  • S. adscendens
  • S. aemula
  • S. aitonii
  • S. altiscapa
  • S. balanocephala
  • S. bolusii
  • S. brownii
  • S. candicans
  • S. ciliata
  • S. collina
  • S. confragosa
  • S. cyanoides
  • S. cyanea
  • S. decipiens
  • S. decumbens
  • S. deluvialis
  • S. dodii
  • S. effusa
  • S. elongata
  • S. fasciflora
  • S. flagellifolia
  • S. flava
  • S. florida
  • S. fucifolia
  • S. furcellata
  • S. glomerata
  • S. gracilis
  • S. gremialis
  • S. heterophylla
  • S. hirsuta
  • S. inconspicua
  • S. incrassata
  • S. kraussii
  • S. lacunosa
  • S. leipoldtii
  • S. linearis
  • S. meisneriana
  • S. millefolia
  • S. nervosa
  • S. nivenii
  • S. pedunculata
  • S. phylicoides
  • S. pinnata
  • S. rebeloi
  • S. reflexa
  • S. rosea
  • S. rostellaris
  • S. roxburghii
  • S. rubricaulis
  • S. scoparia
  • S. stellata
  • S. trilopha
  • S. triternata
  • S. villosa
  • S. viridifolia
  • S. williamsii
  • S. zeyheri
Genus: Paranomus
  • P. abrotanifolius
  • P. adiantifolius
  • P. bolusii
  • P. bracteolaris
  • P. candicans
  • P. capitatus
  • P. centaureoides
  • P. dispersus
  • P. dregei
  • P. esterhuyseniae
  • P. lagopus
  • P. longicaulis
  • P. reflexus
  • P. roodebergensis
  • P. sceptrum-gustavianus
  • P. spathulatus
  • P. spicatus
  • P. tomentosus
  • S. alopecurus
  • S. capitatus
  • S. clavigerus
  • S. crassifolius
  • S. imbricatus
  • S. lanatus
  • S. palustris
  • S. pinifolius
  • S. scabridus
  • S. tenuifolius
  • S. teratifolius
Genus: Spatalla
  • S. argentea
  • S. barbigera
  • S. caudata
  • S. colorata
  • S. confusa
  • S. curvifolia
  • S. ericoides
  • S. incurva
  • S. longifolia
  • S. mollis
  • S. nubicola
  • S. parilis
  • S. prolifera
  • S. propinqua
  • S. racemosa
  • S. salsoloides
  • S. setacea
  • S. squamata
  • S. thyrsiflora
  • S. tulbaghensis
L. sect. Brevifilamentum
L. sect. Cardinistyle
L. sect. Conocarpodendron
L. sect. Crassicaudex
L. sect. Crinitae
L. sect. Diastelloidea
L. sect. Hamatum
L. sect. Leucospermum
L. sect. Tumiditubus
Genus: Mimetes
Genus: Diastella
  • D. buekii
  • D. divaricata
  • D. fraterna
  • D. myrtifolia
  • D. parilis
  • D. proteoides
  • D. thymelaeoides
Genus: Orothamnus
Genus: Sphalmium
Genus: Knightia
Genus: Eucarpha
  • E. deplanchei
  • E. strobilina
Genus: Triunia
Genus: Roupala
Genus: Neorites
Genus: Orites
Genus: Lambertia
Genus: Xylomelum
Genus: Helicia
  • H. calocoma
  • H. cameronii
  • H. carrii
  • H. celatus
  • H. ceylanica
  • H. clivicola
  • H. cochinchinensis
  • H. coeruleopurpurea
  • H. commutata
  • H. dongxingensis
  • H. hainanensis
  • H. hypoglauca
  • H. kwangtungensis
  • H. macrostachya
  • H. maxwelliana
  • H. microneura
  • H. microphylla
  • H. moluccana
  • H. obovata
  • H. obovatifolia
  • H. obtusata
  • H. odorata
  • H. olivacea
  • H. oreadum
  • H. saruwagedica
  • H. saurauioides
  • H. schlechteri
  • H. sellae-montis
  • H. serrata
  • H. sessilifolia
  • H. shweliensis
  • H. silvicola
  • H. sleumeri
  • H. stelechantha
  • H. subcordata
  • H. symplocoides
  • H. tibetensis
  • H. torricellensis
  • H. tsaii
  • H. uganensis
  • H. varoyenii
  • H. versteeghii
  • H. vestita
  • H. wollastonii
  • H. yangchunensis
Genus: Hollandaea
Genus: Darlingia
Genus: Floydia
Genus: Musgravea
Genus: Banksia
Banksia subg. Isostylis
Banksia ser. Dryandra
Dryandra
Genus: Lomatia
Genus: Embothrium
  • E. coccineum
  • E. lanceolatum
  • E. nebulosum
  • E. precoccineum
  • E. pregrandiflorum
Genus: Oreocallis
Genus: Alloxylon
Genus: Telopea
Genus: Strangea
Genus: Hakea
Genus: Grevillea
Genus: Finschia
  • F. chloroxantha
  • F. ferruginiflora
  • F. rufa
Genus: Macadamia
Genus: Lasjia
Genus: Nothorites
Genus: Panopsis
  • P. cinnamomea
  • P. mucronata
  • P. multiflora
  • P. parimensis
  • P. pearcei
  • P. polystachya
  • P. ptariana
  • P. rubescens
  • P. sessilifolia
  • P. suaveolans
  • P. tepuiana
  • P. yolombo
Genus: Brabejum
Genus: Malagasia
Genus: Virotia
  • V. angustifolia
  • V. francii
  • V. leptophylla
  • V. neurophylla
  • V. rousselii
  • V. vieillardi
Genus: Athertonia
Genus: Cardwellia
Genus: Euplassa
  • E. bahiensis
  • E. cantareirae
  • E. chimantensis
  • E. duquei
  • E. glaziovii
  • E. hoehnei
  • E. inaequalis
  • E. incana
  • E. isernii
  • E. itatiaiae
  • E. legalis
  • E. madeirae
  • E. nebularis
  • E. occidentalis
  • E. organensis
  • E. pinnata
  • E. rufa
  • E. saxicola
  • E. semicostata
  • E. taubertiana
Genus: Gevuina
Genus: Bleasdalea
Genus: Kermadecia
  • K. brinoniae
  • K. elliptica
  • K. pronyensis
  • K. rotundifolia
  • K. sinuata
Genus: Turrillia
  • T. bleasdalei
  • T. lutea
  • T. vitiensis

. . . Grevillea repens . . .

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. . . Grevillea repens . . .