Yuri Nikolaevich Sakharov (Ukrainian: Ю́рій Микола́йович Са́харов; 18 September 1922 – 26 September 1981) was a Ukrainian Chess Master(1958), International Correspondence Chess Master (1971), Merited Coach of the Ukrainian SSR(1963). 
Yuri Sakharov was born on September 18, 1922 in Yuzovka (now Donetsk). His father was an official in the Donbass mining industry. In 1937 during the Great Purge he was arrested and executed. Yuri Sakharov became a “son of an enemy of the people.” During the Great Patriotic War the Nazis sent him to work in a Belgian coal mine. When Allied Forces entered Belgium, Yuri Sakharov joined the US Army and fought against the Nazis. He earned a Purple Heart Medal. When his unit reached the Elbe in 1945, he was repatriated.
Back home in Ukraine, he got a job as an Inspector in Kiev.
In 1951 he brilliantly won the Semi Final USSR Chess Championship in Lvov and was qualified together with Lev Aronin and Vladimir Simagin who tied up the second and third places to participate in the XIX USSR Chess Championship in Moscow. Also, he fulfilled the norm requirement of Chess Master. But very soon he was arrested by denunciation and his Chess Master Title was revoked. Lev Aronin, Vladimir Simagin, and Salomon Flohr were qualified from Lvov and went to Moscow.
Sakharov faced a closed-door trial, and he was given 25 years of jail in Vladimir Central Prison.
After Stalin’s death in 1953, mass amnesty of the victims of Stalin’s repressions started. In 1955 Yuri Sakharov was offered amnesty too, but he refused insisting on full rehabilitation. In 1956 he eventually was freed on full rehabilitation. His father was rehabilitated, too (posthumously).
Sakharov rebuilt his chess career. When he was 46, he became the 17th highest rated player in the world.
He tragically died in 1981 in Kiev. The circumstances of his death remains unknown.
Sakharov was twice the Ukrainian Champion in 1966 and 1968. He participated in 19 Ukrainian Championships, tying for 4-6th in 1946 (Anatoly Bannik won), tying for 3rd-4th in 1947 (Alexey Sokolsky won), tying for 6-9th in 1949 (Isaac Lipnitsky won), taking 5th in 1951 (Bannik won), taking 2nd, behind Efim Geller, in 1958, tying for 4-5th in 1959 (Geller won), sharing 1st with Leonid Stein but lost to him a match for the title (+1 −3 =2) in 1960, tying for 3rd-4th in 1961 (Yuri Kots won), taking 3rd in 1962 (Stein won), and tying for 2nd-3rd in 1964 (Bannik won).
Yuri Sakharov played in the Ukrainian team during Soviet Team Chess Championships.
He played for the “Avangard” Team during Soviet Team Chess Cup Tournaments.
He participated in the USSR Chess Championships 5 times.
Yuri Sakharov successfully played in friendly international matches both for the USSR and Ukraine.
Yuri Sakharov was part of the Soviet Team that won gold in Chess Correspondence Olympiad VI of 1968-72 and VII of 1972-76.
He earned the title of International Correspondence Chess Master (IMC) in 1971.