In mathematics, the Hilbert cube, named after David Hilbert, is a topological space that provides an instructive example of some ideas in topology. Furthermore, many interesting topological spaces can be embedded in the Hilbert cube; that is, can be viewed as subspaces of the Hilbert cube (see below).

Not to be confused with Hilbert curve.

## . . . Hilbert cube . . .

The Hilbert cube is best defined as the topological product of the intervals [0, 1/n] for n = 1, 2, 3, 4, … That is, it is a cuboid of countably infinitedimension, where the lengths of the edges in each orthogonal direction form the sequence

${displaystyle lbrace 1/nrbrace _{nin mathbb {N} }}$ .

The Hilbert cube is homeomorphic to the product of countably infinitely many copies of the unit interval [0, 1]. In other words, it is topologically indistinguishable from the unit cube of countably infinite dimension.

If a point in the Hilbert cube is specified by a sequence

${displaystyle lbrace a_{n}rbrace }$ with

${displaystyle 0leq a_{n}leq 1/n}$ , then a homeomorphism to the infinite dimensional unit cube is given by

${displaystyle h(a)_{n}=ncdot a_{n}}$

.