Crystal, New Mexico

Crystal (Navajo: Tóniłtsʼílí) is a census-designated place (CDP) on the Navajo Nation in McKinley and San Juan counties in New Mexico, United States. The population was 311 at the 2010 census. It is located at the western end of the Narbona Pass.

Census-designated place in New Mexico, US
CDP in New Mexico, United States
Crystal, New Mexico

Location of Crystal, New Mexico

Crystal, New Mexico
Location in New Mexico

Show map of New Mexico

Crystal, New Mexico
Location in the United States

Show map of the United States

Coordinates:

36.046852°N 108.96338°W / 36.046852; -108.96338

Country United States
State New Mexico
Counties San Juan, McKinley
Area

  Total 4.4 sq mi (11.4 km2)
  Land 4.4 sq mi (11.4 km2)
  Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation

7,523 ft (2,293 m)
Population

 (2010)
  Total 311
  Density 78.9/sq mi (30.5/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
87328
Area code(s) 505
FIPS code 35-19080
GNIS feature ID 0902227

. . . Crystal, New Mexico . . .

The McKinley County portion of Crystal is part of the GallupMicropolitan Statistical Area, while the San Juan County portion is part of the FarmingtonMetropolitan Statistical Area.

Crystal was founded in 1884 when a trading post was established. Its name likely derives from its Navajo moniker meaning “crystal water flows out.” A post office operated from 1903 to 1941.[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.4 square miles (11.4 km2), of which 4.4 square miles (11.4 km2) is land and 0.04 square mile (0.1 km2) (0.45%) is water.

A Navajo wool rug in the Early Crystal style, including swastikas in the design, date 1900-1920 AD

The first known trader in the Washington Pass was Romulo Martinez, a Spanish-American from Fort Defiance, in 1873. The names of other traders are recorded for the following years, but they seem all to have been temporary, trading from tents in the summer season. In 1896 John Bradford Moore arrived, an Irishman from Sheridan, Wyoming. He bought the trading site, then cut timber in the mountains and hauled it down to build a log trading post, which he stocked with supplies carted from the rail head in Gallup. He named his post at the western mouth of the Narbona Pass the Crystal Trading Post. During the winter months, he employed Navajo weavers to make rugs. Moore ensured that the wool and the weaving was good quality, and created designs of his own, quickly gaining a reputation as a source of good quality rugs.[2]

Moore understood what the market in the eastern United States would value, and in his catalog stressed the use of natural materials and primitive technology. Despite this, he introduced production-line techniques, and had no problem with using machine-produced yarns with synthetic dyes.[3] Traders in Navajo rugs had to keep costs down to be able to offer competitive prices, so wages were low. Talking of the weaver’s life, Moore said, “there is no more dismal wage proposition than her remuneration for her part in the industry. Given any other paying outlet for her labor, there would very soon be no such thing as a blanket industry … it is her one and only way of earning money.”[4] Moore was succeeded in 1911 by his manager, A. J. Molohon.[5] The Crystal Trading Post was owned by the C.C. Manning company from 1919 to 1922. Later Charlie Newcomb and then Jim Collyer owned the post. In 1944 Don Jensen bought the post, holding it until 1981. Apparently Jenson developed the current Crystal rug.[6]

. . . Crystal, New Mexico . . .

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. . . Crystal, New Mexico . . .