Movement for Social Democracy

The Movement for Social Democracy (Greek: Κίνημα ΣοσιαλδημοκρατώνKinima Sosialdimokraton, EDEK) is a Greek Cypriot,[3]social-democratic[1][2]political party in Cyprus.

Political party in Cyprus

Movement for Social Democracy
Κίνημα Σοσιαλδημοκρατών
Abbreviation EDEK
Leader Marinos Sizopoulos
Founder Vasos Lyssaridis
Founded 1969; 52 years ago (1969)
Headquarters Nicosia, Cyprus
Student wing DEOK
Youth wing EDEK Youth
Political position Centre-left
European affiliation Party of European Socialists
International affiliation Progressive Alliance
Socialist International
European Parliament group Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats

   Red, Green, Gold

House of Representatives
4 / 56

European Parliament
0 / 6

Municipal Councils
37 / 478


. . . Movement for Social Democracy . . .

The party was founded by Vasos Lyssaridis in 1969 as the United Democratic Union of the Centre, EDEK (Greek: Ενιαία Δημοκρατική Ένωση Κέντρου, ΕΔΕΚ, Eniaia demokratiki enosi kentrou). It was originally a strongly anti-imperialist Third World socialist[4] party with roots in the struggle against British colonial rule, influenced by the philosophies of Baathism, Muammar Gaddafi[2] and Nasserism,[3] and by the 1968 movement. Since the early 1980s, EDEK has evolved into a European-style social-democratic party. It has however not given up its nationalist orientations.[5] The party changed its name to “Movement for Social Democracy” in 2000.[6]

EDEK is led by Marinos Sizopoulos and is a member of the Party of European Socialists and Socialist International.

Members were drawn from the committee for re-establishment of democracy in Greece, and fighters from Lyssaridis‘s group during the 1964 clashes between Greek and Turkish Cypriots. Lyssaridis was the personal physician of Archbishop Makarios III, the first president of independent Cyprus, whom the party supported. The party’s name was inspired by Greek’s Centre Union (EK) of Georgios Papandreou. It positioned itself in “the space inbetween” (neither left nor right).[7] EDEK had links to the international Non-Aligned Movement and was opposed to the right-wing Colonels’ regime in Greece.[8] Many of the party’s members were part of the armed resistance to the 15 July 1974 coup against Makarios. The leader of the youth section of the party, Doros Loizou, was shot and killed in an attempt to murder Lyssaridis in August 1974.

Several members of the party’s youth section (EDEN) with Trotskyist tendencies were expelled between 1979 and 1984 and formed Aristeri Pteryga (Left Wing).

During the late 1990s, EDEK negotiated with several minor parties, planning to merge all political forces between the communist AKEL and the conservative DISY into a major centrist party. It merged with two small groups, the Renewal Movement and the Independent Personalities Group, in February 2000. This was marked by its name change to “Movement for Social Democracy” (KISOS), which was also intended to bring the party closer to European social democratic parties in terms of both values and appearance. However, only two months after the merger, the members of the Renewal Movement left, citing a “lack of trust” vis-à-vis old EDEK members. Therefore, basically “the new KISOS was the old EDEK”.[6]

. . . Movement for Social Democracy . . .

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. . . Movement for Social Democracy . . .