Conegliano

Conegliano (Italian: [koneʎˈʎaːno]; Venetian: Conejan) is a town and comune of the Veneto region, Italy, in the province of Treviso, about 30 kilometres (19 mi) north by rail from the town of Treviso.[3] The population of the city is of 35,023 people. The remains of a 10th-century castle are situated on a hill that dominates the town. Formerly belonging to the Bishop of Vittorio Veneto, what remains is a bell tower, which now houses a small museum, and outer walls.

Comune in Veneto, Italy
Conegliano
Città di Conegliano

The castle by night

Coat of arms
Location of Conegliano

Conegliano
Location of Conegliano in Italy

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Conegliano
Conegliano (Veneto)

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Coordinates:

45°53′12.32″N12°17′50.6″E

Country Italy
Region Veneto
Province Treviso (TV)
Frazioni Ogliano, Scomigo, Collalbrigo, Costa, Parè, Campolongo (Hasplkhnott)
Government

  Mayor Fabio Chies
Area

[1]
  Total 36 km2 (14 sq mi)
Elevation

74 m (243 ft)
Population

 (30 September 2017)[2]
  Total 35,023
  Density 970/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Coneglianesi
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
31015
Dialing code 0438
Patron saint Leonard of Noblac
Saint day November 6
Website Official website
Official name Le Colline del Prosecco di Conegliano e Valdobbiadene
Criteria Cultural: (v)
Designated 2019(43rd session)
Reference no. 1571
State Party  Italy
Region Southern Europe

On 7 July 2019, Le Colline del Prosecco di Conegliano e Valdobbiadene was inscribed as a UNESCOWorld Heritage Site.[4]

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Conegliano is noted for its wine,[3] chiefly the dry white Prosecco (made from the glera grape) which comes in three varieties: tranquillo (still), frizzante (slightly sparkling) and spumante (sparkling). It is also home to Italy’s oldest and most prestigious wine school called Scuola Enologica.

It is also home to the Istituto Sperimentale per la Viticoltura where several Italian grape varieties have been bred, including Albarossa, Vega and Valentino nero. Additionally, viticulturalists at the institute have helped save many native Italian grape varieties from extinction, such as the Valpolicella grape Bigolona.[5]

There is also a great industrial tradition, especially specialized in home appliances.

The vineyards of Conegliano

The hills around Conegliano are home to the Denominazione di origine controllata e garantita (DOCG) zone of Colli di Conegliano. There both red and white Italian wines are produced at a variety of sweetness levels from dry to sweet passitodessert wines. Grapes destined for DOC wine production must be harvested to a yield no greater than 12 tonnes/hectare. The finished wine must attain a minimum alcohol level of 12% for the red wines and 10.5% for the whites in order to be labelled with the Colli di Conegliano DOC designation.[6]

The red DOC wines are made Merlot (10-40%), Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc and Marzemino (at least 10% of each with no maximum for the last three varieties) and up 10% of Incrocio Manzoni 2.15. The wine is required to be aged at least two years in barrel prior to being released. A sweet red passito labeled as Refrontolo is made from at least 95% Marzemino with up 5% of other local non-aromatic varieties permitted to round out the blend.[6]

The dry white of the DOC is made from at least 30% Manzoni bianco with between 30-70% collectively of Pinot blanc and Chardonnay and up to 10% total of Sauvignon blanc and Riesling Renano. The passito style Torchiato di Fregona can be made in both a dry and sweet style from at least 30% each of Glera and Verdiso, a minimum 25% of Boschera and up to 15% of non-aromatic varieties like Marzemina bianca and Bianchetta Trevigiana. This wine is required to age at least 13 months prior to being release.[7][6]

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