104th Ohio Infantry Regiment

The 104th Ohio Infantry Regiment, sometimes 104th Ohio Volunteer Infantry was an infantryregiment in the Union army during the American Civil War. It played a conspicuous role at the Battle of Franklin during the 1864 Franklin-Nashville Campaign, where six members later received the Medal of Honor, most for capturing enemy flags.

104th Ohio Infantry Regiment

Ohio state flag
Active 18621865
Country United States of America
Allegiance Union
Branch Volunteer Army, American Civil War
Type Infantry
Size 1000 soldiers at enlistment
Part of regiment
Engagements Defense of Cincinnati
East Tennessee Campaign
Atlanta Campaign
Franklin-Nashville Campaign
Carolinas Campaign
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XXII Corps (Union Army), Army of the Ohio/Army of the Cumberland
Military unit

. . . 104th Ohio Infantry Regiment . . .

The 104th OVI was organized at Camp Massillon on August 30, 1862, under Col.James W. Reilly in response to a need for additional three-years regiments.[1]

Staff: Col. James Reilly, Lt. Col. Asa Mariner, Major Laurin Woodworth, Adjutant J. Walter McClymonds, Surgeon K.G. Thomas, Chaplain M.W. Dallas

  • Company A: Captain Oscar W. Sterl
  • Company B: Captain Jesse Coates
  • Company C: Captain Andrew Bahney
  • Company D: Captain Marcus C. Horton
  • Company E: Captain A.H. Fitch
  • Company F: Captain Joseph F. Riddle
  • Company G: Captain Ezra Coppock
  • Company H: Captain Walter Scott
  • Company I: Captain John Wells
  • Company K: Captain William Jordan[2]

Among the nearly one thousand recruits in the 104th OVI was future United States Congressman Laurin D. Woodworth.

The regiment moved to Covington, Kentucky, on September 1, 1862, in preparation for the Defense of Cincinnati against a threatened Confederate invasion by troops under Edmund Kirby Smith. It was involved in a skirmish at Fort Mitchel in northern Kentucky.[1][3][4]

The regiment spent the rest of 1862 and most of 1863 in Kentucky defending railroads and Union installations against Confederate raiders. In August, it moved with General Ambrose E. Burnside’s army to East Tennessee where it participated in the capture, occupation, and defense of Knoxville during the fall and early winter. Following a brutal winter at Strawberry Plains, TN in pursuit of James Longstreet’s retreating forces, it was assigned to duty as part of the XXIII Corps for the Atlanta Campaign. It participated in skirmishes at Dallas, Resaca, and throughout the campaign in northern Georgia, including the relief of Sprague’s brigade at the Battle of Decatur on July 22, 1864.

The regiment successfully cut the Atlanta and Macon Railroad on 30 July 1864 as a part of the entire army’s flanking movement on Jonesboro. The 104th played a key role in the 1st Brigade, 3rd Division’s unsuccessful assault on Confederate fortifications at Utoy Creek on August 6, 1864, where it sustained its heaviest casualties of the war up to that point.

Following the fall of Atlanta in early September, Schofield’s corps was sent north to assist General George Thomas in the defense of Tennessee from General John B. Hood’s advancing army. The 104th and Schofield’s army escaped Hood’s trap at Spring Hill and helped repel the furious Confederate frontal assault at Franklin, TN, where the Confederate Army of Tennessee suffered over 6,000 casualties. After successfully defeating Hood’s forces at Nashville in Dec 1864, Schofield’s commanded transferred via Georgia, and Washington D.C., reaching North Carolina for the concluding portion of the Carolinas Campaign. The regiment fought a skirmish near Wilmington, NC and was near Raleigh when word came of General Robert E. Lee’s surrender at Appomattox, Va.

During its service it was assigned to:

The 104th OVI mustered out of the army on June 17, 1865.

. . . 104th Ohio Infantry Regiment . . .

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. . . 104th Ohio Infantry Regiment . . .